(old, historic name Arbe) (44° 45'
N / 14° 46' E), is island situated in the Adriatic
Sea forming the northernmost part of Dalmatia in Croatia.
from the mainland by Podvelebitski Kanal (the Velebit Channel)
with the shortest distance from land of 1.800m. With an
area of 91 sq. km, its greatest transverse length of 22km,
and its total coastal length of 103.2km, it reaches a maximum
altitude of 408m at Mt. Kamenjak and comprises three ridges
and all the Dalmatian islands were originally connected
with the mainland; about 20.000 - 30.000 years ago, the
lowering and elevating of the land and the penetration
of the sea water into the basins resulted in the current
island chain. The origin of the islands can be gleaned
from their karst topography which is identical to that
found in the craggy Dinaric Alps stretching from the eastern
Adriatic and down to Greece.
island is one of the most densely wooded islands in the Adriatic
and is a veritable botanical exhibition, with plants not native
to the island. The Komrcar park, with its laurel, poplar, cypress,
Indian fig-tree, rosemary, pine and hundred-year-old agave is
now the pride of Rab. Its more than 300 freshwater springs provide
a valuable water supply to the population of the island--which,
in contrast to most of the Adriatic islands, is increasing, in
part because of good communications with the mainland. Because
of these numerous springs, Rab is considered to be the greenest
island in the Adriatic.
belongs to the group of Kvarner Archipelago Islands of the
North Adriatic. Its winters are pleasant and mild, and the
summers warm, with about 2500 hours of sunshine a year. The
mean air temperature is 26C in the summer and 10 C in the
winter. The Kamenjak range (408m) protects the greater part
of the island from cold north-eastern winds (bora or bura),
and the temperature hardly ever drops below zero (centigrade).
In the summer the mistral wind has a cooling effect on the
on island's flora and fauna can be explored here >.